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National Museum of Iran Darafsh (785).JPG
Rock relief of an Achaemenid king, most likely Xerxes, is located in the National Museum of Iran.


C. 518 BC. He was born.

498 BC. He started to reside in the royal palace of Babylon.

C. 486 BC October – DecemberHe was crowned by succeeding his father.

484 BC January. He suppressed an Egyptian revolt, and appointed his full-brother Achaemenes as satrap of the country, replacing the previous satrap Pherendates, who was reportedly killed during the revolt.

484 BC June or July. He fought a Babylonian revolt led by a rebel of the name Bel-shimanni. Bel-shimmani’s revolt was short-lived, Babylonian documents were written during his reign only account for a period of two weeks

481 BC March. He defeated another Babylonian revolt, started a year prior by a rebel named Shamash-eriba, who seized Babylon itself and other nearby cities, such as Borsippa and Dilbat.

480 BC Spring. He set against the Greeks from Sardis with a fleet and army which Herodotus estimated was roughly one million strong along with 10,000 elite warriors named the Immortals. More recent estimates place the Persian force at around 60,000 combatants.

480 BC August. He wins the battle of the Thermopylae against Leonidas and his Spartans.

480 BC. After seizing the Greek mainland, he orders the destruction of Athens.

465 BC August. Artabanus, the commander of the royal bodyguard and the most powerful official in the Persian court, assassinated Xerxes with the help of a eunuch, Aspamitres.

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