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C. 642 BC. Born in possibly Uruk.

605 BC. He inflicted a crushing defeat on an Egyptian army led by Pharaoh Necho II and ensured that the Neo-Babylonian Empire would succeed the Neo-Assyrian Empire as the dominant power in the ancient Near East. Shortly after he ascended to the throne.

603 BC. He campaigned in a land whose name is not preserved in the surviving copy of the chronicle. The chronicle records that this campaign was extensive, given that the account mentions the construction of large siege towers and a siege of a city, the name of which does not survive either.

601 BC. He campaigned in the Levant. The next year doing the same.

586 BC. He destroyed the Kingdom of Judah, and its capital, Jerusalem. The destruction of Jerusalem led to the Babylonian captivity as the city’s population, and people from the surrounding lands were deported to Babylonia. The Jews thereafter referred to Nebuchadnezzar, the greatest enemy they had faced until that point, as a ‘destroyer of nations’.

C. 580 BC. He engaged in a successful string of military actions in the Levant against the vassal states in rebellion there, likely with the ultimate intent of curbing Egyptian influence in the region.

562 October 7 BC. He passed away, aged c. 80.

1975 AD. Anson Rainey speculated that the city taken in 603 BC was Gaza.

1992 AD. Nadav Na’aman thought that the city taken in 603 BC was Kummuh in south-eastern Anatoli.

2007 AD. Michael Jursa advanced the theory that Nabopolassar was a member of a prominent political family in Uruk, whose members are attested since the reign of Esarhaddon (r. 681–669 BC).

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