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590–580 BC. Cyrus the Great, also known as Cyrus II, was born in Media or Persia (now in the Fārs province in Iran).

559 BC. He became King of Persia and managed to transform it into the most powerful empire in the Orient in only three decades.

550 BC. By defeating Astiage, Media became a province of the Persian state.

546 BC. He captured Sardis, the Lydian Capital, and extended his empire with all the Greek colonies of Ionia.

545-539 BC. Cyrus the Great occupies several regions of Central Asia such as Dragniana, Arachosia, Gedrosia, Bactriana, Sogdiana, etc.

539 BC. Taking advantage of the dissatisfaction of the people with the ruler Nabonidus, Cyrus II invaded and occupied Babylon.

530 BC. According to the chronicle of Herodotus, Cyrus the Great was killed in battle by the Massagatae (now in Uzbekistan).

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