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The Gordian Knot is a legend of Phrygian Gordium associated with Alexander the Great. It is often used as a metaphor for an intractable problem (untying an impossibly tangled knot) solved easily by finding an approach to the problem that renders the perceived constraints of the problem moot (“cutting the Gordian knot”).
C. 100 AD. The legend is recorded in HISTORIARUM ALEXANDRI MAGNI MACEDONIS LIBRI QUI SUPERSUNT (ALL THE BOOKS THAT SURVIVE OF THE HISTORIES OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT OF MACEDON) by Quintus Curtius Rufus.
C. 100 AD. The legend is recorded in EPITOME HISTORIARUM TROGI POMPEII by Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus.
C. 200 AD. The legend is recorded in THE ANABASIS OF ALEXANDER by Arrian of Nicomedia.
C. 200 AD. The legend is recorded in DE NATURA ANIMALIUM by Aelian.
1984 AD. Roller, Lynn E. in his work “Midas and the Gordian knot”, separates out authentic Phrygian elements in the Greek reports and finds a folk-tale element and a religious one, linking the dynastic founder with the cults of “Zeus” and Cybele.