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Borrowed from Spanish lápiz (“pencil”), borrowed from Latin lapis (“stone”) (whence English lapidary and lapis lazuli), or through Italian lapis; compare also Portuguese lápis. Doublet of lápida. May be connected with Ancient Greek λέπας (lépas, “bare rock, crag”), from Proto-Indo-European *lep- (“to peel”). Confer with saxum – secō, rupēs – rumpō but the similarity with Latin lapis (“stone”) is hardly accidental; a Mediterranean substrate borrowing is most probable, perhaps through Pre-Greek.



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