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From Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (“give”). The reduplication was lost in Latin in the present tense, but is preserved in the other Italic languages. A root aorist from Proto-Indo-European *déh₃t is preserved in Venetic 𐌆𐌏𐌕𐌏 (doto), athematic root aorist of *deh₃-; the other Italic perfect forms reflect a reduplicated stative, *dedai. However, the root aorist possibly served as the source of the Latin present forms.
Cognates include Ancient Greek δίδωμι (dídōmi), Sanskrit ददाति (dádāti), Old Persian 𐎭𐎭𐎠𐎬𐎢𐎺 (dā-).
- (Classical) IPA(key): /doː/, [d̪oː]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /do/, [d̪ɔ]
dō (present infinitive dare, perfect active dedī, supine datum); first conjugation, irregular
- I give
- Tertium non datur.
- I offer, render, present with, bestow
- I put
- I yield, surrender, concede
- I adduce (e.g., a witness)