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From Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (give). The reduplication was lost in Latin in the present tense, but is preserved in the other Italic languages. A root aorist from Proto-Indo-European *déh₃t is preserved in Venetic 𐌆𐌏𐌕𐌏 (doto), athematic root aorist of *deh₃-; the other Italic perfect forms reflect a reduplicated stative, *dedai. However, the root aorist possibly served as the source of the Latin present forms.

Cognates include Ancient Greek δίδωμι (dídōmi)Sanskrit ददाति (dádāti)Old Persian 𐎭𐎭𐎠𐎬𐎢𐎺 (dā-).


  • (Classical) IPA(key)/doː/[d̪oː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key)/do/[d̪ɔ]


 (present infinitive dareperfect active dedīsupine datum); first conjugation, irregular

  1. I give
    Tertium non datur.
  2. I offer, render, present with, bestow
  3. I put
  4. I yield, surrender, concede
  5. I adduce (e.g., a witness)
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