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From Middle English type (symbol, figure, emblem), from Latin typus, from Ancient Greek τύπος (túposmark, impression, type), from τύπτω (túptōI strike, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewp-, extended from *(s)tew- (to push, hit).

Cognates include Sanskrit तोपति (tópatito hurt)Latin stupeō and Old Church Slavonic тъпати (tŭpati).


  • IPA(key)/taɪp/


type (plural types)

  1. A grouping based on shared characteristics; a class.
    This type of plane can handle rough weather more easily than that type of plane.
  2. An individual considered typical of their class, one regarded as typifying a certain profession, environment, etc.
  3. An individual that represents the ideal for its class; an embodiment.
  4. (printing, countable) A letter or character used for printing, historically a cast or engraved block.
    1. (uncountable) Such types collectively, or a set of type of one font or size.
    2. (chiefly uncountable) Text printed with such type or imitating its characteristics.
       The headline was set in bold type.
  5. (taxonomy) Something, often a specimen, selected as an objective anchor to connect a scientific name to a taxon; this need not be representative or typical.
  6. Preferred sort of person; sort of person that one is attracted to.
    We can’t get along: he’s just not my type.
    He was exactly her type.
  7. (medicine) A blood group.
  8. (corpus linguistics) A word that occurs in a text or corpus irrespective of how many times it occurs, as opposed to a token.
  9. (theology) An event or person that prefigures or foreshadows a later event – commonly an Old Testament event linked to Christian times.
  10. (computing theory) A tag attached to variables and values used in determining which kinds of value can be used in which situations; a data type.
  11. (fine arts) The original object, or class of objects, scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject of a copy; especially, the design on the face of a medal or a coin.
  12. (chemistry) A simple compound, used as a mode or pattern to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as being related, and from which they may be actually or theoretically derived.
    The fundamental types used to express the simplest and most essential chemical relations are hydrochloric acid, water, ammonia, and methane.
  13. (mathematics) A part of the partition of the object domain of a logical theory (which due to the existence of such partition, would be called a typed theory). (Note: this corresponds to the notion of “data type” in computing theory.)
    Categorial grammar is like a combination of context-free grammar and types.


type (third-person singular simple present typespresent participle typingsimple past, and past participle typed)

  1. To put text on paper using a typewriter.
  2. To enter text or commands into a computer using a keyboard.
  3. To determine the blood type of.
    The doctor ordered the lab to type the patient for a blood transfusion.
  4. To represent by a type, model, or symbol beforehand; to prefigure.
  5. To furnish an expression or copy of; to represent; to typify.
  6. To categorize into types.
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