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From Middle English total, from Old French total, from Medieval Latin tōtālis, from tōtus (“all, whole, entire”), of unknown origin. Perhaps related to Oscan 𐌕𐌏𐌖𐌕𐌏 (touto, “community, city-state”), Umbrian 𐌕𐌏𐌕𐌀𐌌 (totam, “tribe”, acc.), Old English þēod (“a nation, people, tribe”), from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂ (“people”). More at English Dutch, English thede.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtəʊ.təl/
- (General American) enPR: tōʹtl, IPA(key): /ˈtoʊ.təl/, [tʰoʊ̯ɾɫ], [tʰɔɾɫ]
- totall (obsolete)
total (plural totals)
- An amount obtained by the addition of smaller amounts.
- A total of £145 was raised by the bring-and-buy stall.
- (informal,mathematics) Sum.
- The total of 4, 5 and 6 is 15.
total (comparative more total, superlative most total)
- Entire; relating to the whole of something.
- The total book is rubbish from start to finish. The total number of votes cast is 3,270.
- (used as an intensifier) Complete; absolute.
- He is a total failure.
- (mathematics) (of a function) Defined on all possible inputs.
- The Ackermann function is one of the simplest and earliest examples of a totalcomputable function that is not primitive recursive.
total (third-person singular simple present totals, present participle (UK) totalling or (US) totaling, simple past and past participle (UK) totalled or (US) totaled)
- (transitive) To add up; to calculate the sum of.
- Synonym: sum
- When we totalled the takings, we always got a different figure.
- To equal a total of; to amount to.
- That totals seven times so far.
- (transitive, US, slang) To demolish; to wreck completely. (from total loss)
- Synonyms: demolish, trash, wreck
- Honey, I’m OK, but I’ve totaled the car.
- (intransitive) To amount to; to add up to.
- It totals nearly a pound.