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From Late Middle English humaynehumain, from Middle French humain, from Old French humainumain, from Latin hūmānus m (of or belonging to a man, human, humaneadjective), from humus, with unclear ū, from Proto-Italic *homos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰomós, from *dʰéǵʰōm (earth). Spelling human has been predominant since the early 18th century.


  • (UK) IPA(key)/ˈ(h)juː.mən/[ˈ(ç)ju̟ːmən][ˈ(ç)ju̟ːmn̩]
  • (US) enPR: (h)yo͞oʹmən(h)yo͞omʹn, IPA(key)/ˈ(h)ju.mən/[ˈ(ç)ju̟mən][ˈ(ç)ju̟mn̩]
    • (NYC, some other US dialects) IPA(key)/ˈju.mən/
  • (Indian English) IPA(key)/ˈhjuː.mən/


human (comparative more humansuperlative most human)

  1. (not comparable) Of or belonging to the species Homo sapiens or its closest relatives.
  2. (comparable) Having the nature or attributes of a human being.
    To err is human; to forgive, divine.


human (plural humans)

  1. (strictly) The most abundant, and most intelligent of primates; Homo sapiens.
    Humans share common ancestors with other apes.
    Synonyms: human beingman
  2. (broadly) Any hominid of the genus Homo.


human (third-person singular simple present humanspresent participle humaningsimple past and past participle humaned)

  1. (rare) To behave as or become, or to cause to behave as or become, a human.


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