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From Middle English dis-, borrowed from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.
- IPA(key): /dɪs/
- reversal or removal
- disassociate; disarray
- Used as an intensifier of words with negative valence.
- disembowel; disannul; disgruntled
When attached to a verbal root, prefixes often change the first vowel (whether initial or preceded by a consonant/consonant cluster) of that verb. These phonological changes took place in Latin and usually do not apply to words created (as in Modern Latin) from Latin components since Latin became a ‘dead’ language. Note: the combination of prefix and following vowel did not always yield the same change. (see examples below at con- + -a-) Also, these changes in vowels are not necessarily particular to being prefixed with dis- (i.e. other prefixes sometimes cause the same vowel change- see con-, ex-).