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From Middle English ded, deed, from Old English dēad, from Proto-West Germanic *daud, from Proto-Germanic *daudaz, from Pre-Germanic *dʰowHtós, original past participle to *dawjaną.
Compare West Frisian dead, dea, Dutch dood, German tot, Danish, Norwegian død, Norwegian Nynorsk daud.
- enPR: dĕd, IPA(key): /dɛd/
- (West Country) IPA(key): /diːd/
dead (comparative deader, superlative deadest)
- (usually not comparable) No longer living. (Also used as a noun.)
- All of my grandparents are dead.
- Have respect for the dead.
- The villagers are mourning their dead.
- The dead are always with us, in our hearts.
- (usually not comparable) Devoid of life.
- (hyperbolic) Figuratively, not alive; lacking life.
- (of another person) So hated that they are absolutely ignored.
- He is dead to me.
- Doomed; marked for death (literally or as a hyperbole).
- “You come back here this instant! Oh, you’re dead, mister!”
- Without emotion.
- She stood with dead face and limp arms, unresponsive to my plea.
- Stationary; static.
- the dead load on the floor
- a dead lift
- Without interest to one of the senses; dull; flat.
- dead air
- a dead glass of soda.
- dead time
- dead fields
- (not comparable, of a machine, device, or electrical circuit) Completely inactive; currently without power; without a signal.
- OK, the circuit’s dead. Go ahead and cut the wire.
- Now that the motor’s dead you can reach in and extract the spark plugs.
- (of a battery) Unable to emit power, being discharged (flat) or faulty.
- (not comparable) Broken or inoperable.
- That monitor is dead; don’t bother hooking it up.
- (not comparable) No longer used or required.
- There are several dead laws still on the books regulating where horses may be hitched.
- Is this beer glass dead?
- (engineering) Not imparting motion or power by design.
- the dead spindle of a lathe
- A dead axle, also called a lazy axle, is not part of the drivetrain, but is instead free-rotating.
- (not comparable, sports) Not in play.
- Once the ball crosses the foul line, it’s dead.
- (not comparable, golf, of a golf ball) Lying so near the hole that the player is certain to hole it in the next stroke.
- (not comparable, baseball, slang, 1800s) Tagged out.
- (not comparable) Full and complete.
- dead stop
- dead sleep
- dead giveaway
- dead silence
- (not comparable) Exact.
- dead center
- dead aim
- a dead eye
- a dead level
- Experiencing pins and needles (paresthesia).
- After sitting on my hands for a while, my arms became dead.
- Constructed so as not to transmit sound; soundless.
- a dead floor
- (obsolete) Bringing death; deadly.
- (law) Cut off from the rights of a citizen; deprived of the power of enjoying the rights of property.
- A person who is banished or who becomes a monk is civilly dead.
- (rare, especially religion, often with “to”) Indifferent to, no longer subject to or ruled by (sin, guilt, pleasure, etc).
- In Middle and Early Modern English, the phrase is dead was more common where the present perfect form has died is common today. Example:
- 1611, King James Bible
- I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain. (Gal. 2:21)
dead (not comparable)
- (degree,informal,colloquial) Exactly.
- dead right; dead level; dead flat; dead straight; dead left
- He hit the target dead in the centre.
- (degree,informal,colloquial) Very, absolutely, extremely.
- dead wrong; dead set; dead serious; dead drunk; dead broke; dead earnest; dead certain; dead slow; dead sure; dead simple; dead honest; dead accurate; dead easy; dead scared; dead solid; dead black; dead white; dead empty
- Suddenly and completely.
- He stopped dead.
- (informal) As if dead.
- dead tired; dead quiet; dead asleep; dead pale; dead cold; dead still
- (often with “the”) Time when coldness, darkness, or stillness is most intense.
- The dead of night. The dead of winter.
- (collective, with “the”) Those persons who are dead.
- raise the dead
- wake the dead
Also can mean:
dead (plural deads)
- (Britain) (usually in the plural) Sterile mining waste, often present as many large rocks stacked inside the workings.
- (bodybuilding, colloquial) Clipping of .
dead (third-person singular simple present deads, present participle deading, simple past and past participle deaded)
- (transitive) To prevent by disabling; stop.
- (transitive) To make dead; to deaden; to deprive of life, force, or vigor.
- (Britain, transitive, slang) To kill.