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Etymology

From Latin gladius (Roman short sword, gladius), possibly from Gaulish *kladyos (sword) (compare Old Irish claideb (sword), from Proto-Celtic *kladiwos (sword), from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₂- (to beat, break). Cognate with Latin clādesclāvapercellō. Doublet of glaive.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key)/ˈɡlæd.i.əs/

Noun

gladius (plural gladiuses or gladii)

  1. (historical) A Roman sword roughly two feet long.
  2. (zoology) A pen, a hard internal bodypart of certain cephalopods, made of chitin-like material.
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