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Borrowed from Latin genus (“birth, origin, a race, sort, kind”) from the root gen- in Latin gignere, Old Latin gegnere (“to beget, produce”), from Proto-Italic *gignō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵíǵnh₁-, the reduplicated present stem of *ǵenh₁-. Cognate to Ancient Greek γίγνομαι (gígnomai, “to come into being, to be born, to take place”). Doublet of gender, genre, and kin.
- (UK) enPR: jēn’-əs, jĕn’-əs, IPA(key): /ˈdʒiːnəs/, /ˈdʒɛnəs/
- (US) enPR: jēn’-əs, IPA(key): /ˈdʒiːnəs/
genus (plural genera or (both nonstandard) genuses or genusses)
- (biology, taxonomy) A category in the classification of organisms, ranking below family (Lat. familia) and above species.
- A taxon at this rank.
- All magnolias belong to the genus Magnolia.
- Other species of the genus Bos are often called cattle or wild cattle.
- There are only two genera and species of seadragons.
- A group with common attributes.
- (topology, graph theory, algebraic geometry) A natural number representing any of several related measures of the complexity of a given manifold or graph.
- (semantics) Within a definition, a broader category of the defined concept.
- (biology, taxonomy, rank in the classification of organisms)